Arthroscopic surgery is an operation, during which a small telescope is inserted through a small skin incision (5-7 mm) into the joint (knee, shoulder, hip etc) and the picture of the joint is transmitted through the camera to the screen. The surgeon can easily examine the integrity of the anatomic structures of the joint and treat the injuries found. Surgery is accomplished using special instrumentation (figure 1). One or more small skin incisions (5-7 mm) are used to approach the lesion.
The greatest advantage of arthroscopic surgery is the small skin incisions. In this way, significantly better cosmetic result s ensured due to the less scaring. Moreover less postoperative pain and blood loss is anticipated because of the avoidance of the large incisions and soft tissue detachments. Thus, arthroscopic surgery allows patients to return home the same or the next day of operation and follow an aggressive rehabilitation regime.
Of great importance is also the enhancement of the joint visibility, because of the magnification of the image through the camera. The operation is recorded and given to the patient. Finally, arthroscopic surgery has a lower rate of postoperative infection and other complications compared to open surgery.